There has actually been horse racing of sorts for numerous many years. Horse racing started in Assyria in c. 1500 B.C. and Chariot Racing was a popular occasion in Roman Times. It was in fact the Romans who are thought to have ran the first horse race in the UK, however the very first real recorded occasion of a meeting was in 1174, this took place at a horse fair in the north-west part of London called Smithfield.
The Royal Household lag a number of the historical advancements that altered and shaped racing for many years, with Henry II importing horses specifically for breeding and Charles II being the very first to introduce a set of rules in 1664 (for the Newmarket Town Plate). It remained in 1752 the Jockey Club formed and penned The Rules of Racing.
First horse races
The Derby is the earliest flat race having actually begun in 1780 at the Earl of Derby's estate in Epsom, it was operated on a sweepstakes basis and is still of course being run every year now, as is the Grand National which was first run in 1856, however the very first documented nationwide hunt (as we know it now) race remained in Cork, Ireland in 1752, it was a 4 miles 5 furlongs contest between two church steeples which is the factor the term 'steeplechase' was coined.
Function and types of horse racing
The function of a H.race is to identify the fastest of 2 or more horses over a particular distance with the very first horse to cross the winning line being the winner.
Horse Racing Categories - Flat
In the UK and Ireland there are three variations of race classifications. The first is Flat Racing, where horses run over a range between 5 furlongs and 2 miles 6 furlongs on grass. The flat season starts in March and goes through to November with varying quality of races with Group 1 contests being the greatest. The youngest horses contending on the flat are 2 years of ages.
Horse Racing Categories - All Weather
All Weather Racing is the 2nd race category and is similar to flat racing aside from contests take place on a synthetic surface, which can be used throughout the year (hence the name All Weather condition). Many of the All more info Weather H.racing tracks likewise have floodlit tracks indicating they can use night racing.
Horse Racing Categories - National Hunt
The third classification is National Hunt where horses complete on turf over longer distances varying from 1 mile 6 furlongs (really minimal number of junior bumper races) and 4 miles 4 furlongs. Within National Hunt there are further classification types, these are Bumpers (also referred to as National Hunt Flat races) where there are no barriers and are aimed at providing horses the experience of contending on a race track, Goes after where the competitors should clear fences and Hurdles where they must leap difficulties. This implies for instance that you can have a handicap chase or a maiden hurdle etc. The difference between a hurdle and a fence is rather substantial with a fence being tougher and higher. A hurdle race will only contain obstacles whereas a chase can consist of a variety of challenges consisting of water dives and ditches in addition to fences.
Horse Racing Classification
Within each classification of racing there are various types of contests depending on a horse's experience and capability. Normally races are categorised by an age group (for instance 4 year olds+) and/or an official ranking bracket (a score provided to each horse by the handicapper based upon its efficiency to this day). Maiden races are for horses who have not yet won a race. Handicaps are when a horse is weighted depending on its previous ability - in a perfect world, a handicap needs to result in all horses crossing the goal at the same time. Nursery races are handicap races on the flat/all weather for 2 year old horses. Non handicaps are when all horses bring the exact same weight (although this figure can be adjusted based upon penalties applied as set out in the race terms - for example the rules may mention that horses will carry 9 stone however that an additional weight of 3 pounds will be applied to horses who have actually won in the last 6 weeks).